Safety alert issued after worker sucked into auxiliary fan ventilation tube

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Tuesday, 28 April, 2020 - 11:45
Policy & legislation
New South Wales

The NSW Resources Regulator recently issued a safety alert following an incident in which a mine worker, who was installing an auxiliary fan ventilation tube, was sucked into the end of the tube.

Due to the pressure around his neck, the worker briefly lost consciousness.

The incident occurred at 3pm on 9 April 2020 at a coal mine in the NSW southern coalfields.

The worker was unable to free himself from the tube, and workers who came to his aid were also unable to free him until the auxiliary fan was shut down.

First aid was administered and the worker was transported to the mine surface, and then to the hospital where he was monitored and treated for abrasions and bruising.

The NSW Resources Regulator conducted a site assessment to gather information about the incident.

The auxiliary fan was new to the site and had only been underground for about a week, and a design and an operational risk assessment was completed before it was placed into service.

The mine also had a procedure for auxiliary fan operations.

The assessment focused on the section of the procedure concerned with installing fan ducting and the following observations were made:

  • There was no determination regarding the safe operating range of the auxiliary fan (in terms of air quantity, air velocity or pressure) to allow for safely adding of ventilation ducting.
  • There was no procedural detail about where the air velocity reading should be taken (i.e. 10 metres behind the miner or at the duct itself) and at what frequency.
  • The procedure lacked detail about safe standing zones.
  • The process steps for workers to install ventilation tubes safely required further development.
  • There were no details about guarding requirements of the most inbye tube to protect loose items and debris being sucked into the duct or workers being sucked into or against the duct while working in close proximity (such as working on continuous miner platforms).


The safety alert subsequently made a number of recommendations:

  • Mine operators should review their auxiliary fan operational risk assessments (for each type of auxiliary fan in use at each site) and ensure the risks to health and safety for people working in close proximity to ventilation ducts during installation, operation, maintenance and repair are identified and controlled. The specific hazard identified with this incident (workers being drawn into or against the ventilation ducting) should be considered.
  • With the review of risk assessments above, mine operators should implement controls in accordance with the hierarchy of control measures as required in clauses 35 and 36 of the Work Health and Safety Regulation 2017.
  • The operating range of auxiliary fans (i.e. VIV settings) should be determined through modelling and testing, to ensure the ventilation tubes can be added into the circuit without risk to workers being sucked into or onto the end of a tube while clearing gas, dust, and diesel exhaust pollutants, as well as preventing recirculation.
  • The location used for monitoring ventilation performance and hence determining any change in fan operational parameters must be formalised in the mine’s safety management system (for example – the procedure for auxiliary fan operations).
  • Safe standing zones and the detailed process steps to safely install ventilation ducting should be formalised and documented in the mine’s safety management system.
  • The relevant sections of the workforce should be trained and refreshed (at a frequency determined by the mine) in the safe operation of auxiliary fans on-site – including the installation/extending of ducting.