In May 2018, two Queensland workers were seriously injured in a fire, possibly caused by an explosion, while combining chemicals in a four bay metal garage.
Both required hospital treatment for serious burns, and investigations are continuing.
Workplace Health and Safety Queensland said flammable liquids, including petrol, ethanol and solvents, give off hazardous vapours which can ignite if not properly managed.
Transferring fuel from one container to another can create static electricity which can also cause vapours to ignite.
The risk of these vapours igniting is further increased when working in a confined area, creating a hazardous environment of vapours that may ignite without warning.
These risks must be managed by ensuring that:
The work area is well ventilated
Voids or compartments that may harbour a flammable atmosphere are identified
The work area is monitored for flammable gasses or vapours
The work area or vessel has been purged of residual fuels or oil
All ignition sources have been removed, isolated or controlled
Any hot work is undertaken by qualified people using a hot work permit system
If there is a risk of fire, an observer is in place with appropriate firefighting equipment.
Since 2012, there have been 169 accepted workers’ compensation claims for incidents involving flammable liquids or gas. Of these, 14 involved fuel igniting or exploding.
In 2015 a company was fined $20,000 after a young worker received burns to 10 per cent of his body while siphoning unwanted petrol from the fuel tank of a boat at a repair shop.
The worker used a pump with exposed terminals connected to a 12 volt battery to pump the fuel into pots, pans and plastic containers. When he disconnected the pump from the battery, the fuel vapour ignited, burning him.
In 2013 a company was fined $125,000 and received a 24 month good behaviour bond and training orders following the death of a worker who was welding on a sealed oil tank.
The worker, who was not a qualified boilermaker, was welding a funnel onto the tank which had not been purged of oil or waste fuel products, causing a catastrophic rupture.
Unit 2/217-219 Mickleham Rd Tullamarine Victoria 3043